First Nations. As in, the first nations. As in, the
people with ancestry from this continent dating back
more than 10,000 years.
Canada was founded by the British on top of these
nations 150 years ago…
The settling of Canada was violent. England waged war
against the Acadians and the Mi’kmaq, aiming to
capture land and affirm colonial supremacy. The
English violated treaties then claimed to be victims
in the wars they had started.
When the Mi’kmaq refused to be displaced from their
key traditional landmarks without a fight, Edward
Cornwallis championed overt warfare against them; issuing a bounty on their scalps, organizing a band
of mercenaries to comb the province, and formally
declaring “I give orders to the commanding officers at
Annapolis Royal, Minas … to annoy, distress and
destroy the Indians everywhere
.” Early English settlers also
used blankets infected with small pox to
indiscriminately kill First Nations
First Nations territories were restricted, often to
marginal land, as settlers bought the stolen land from
the Crown. These Reserves have been consistently
subjected to environmentally destructive capitalist
development . The Government of
Canada continues to facilitate this destruction and to
deny many communities biological fundamentals such as
clean water .
Settler destruction and imposition of ownership
over land onto First Nations continue to inflict
spiritual damage to First Nations communities, while
environmental toxins inflict physical harm
The Government of Canada invested much time and energy
into assimilating First Nations people into English
colonial culture. Canada itself was preceded by
Residential Schools, forced boarding schools where
First Nations children were removed from their
families to be more immersed in colonial culture.
Thousands of children died and many were tortured. The
last Residential School closed in 1996. Through the
1960-80’s, children were removed from their families
and adopted into affluent white families.
Canada has been organizing to culturally cleanse
 the First Nations since
before its inception, with severe spiritual and
intergenerational consequences for First Nations
This is the history of Canada that isn’t taught
in colonial schools, yet it is the context in
which we celebrate our privilege to live here.
Canada spent half a billion on party favors
 in the context of communities
without clean water, of more than 1500 missing or
murdered First Nations women, of a mental health
epidemic rooted in the spiritual diaspora and
intergeneration consequences of an on-going genocide.
There is good in the history of Canada, but there is
also genocide. There is weight to our history. There
is no pretending. The Truth is known. It is time to
admit our faults and commit to the work of
Reconciliation. Another world is possible.